Common Name: West African Rubber Tree. Funtumia elastica. Drawing of the leaves and flowers. Photograph by: Matilda Smith Public domain. Funtumia elastica (Preuss) Stapf [family APOCYNACEAE]. Common names. English West African rubber tree; Lagos silk rubber tree; bush rubber (Ghana. Description. Tree to 30 m tall; bole straight and cylindrical, crown narrow; bark brown to dark, thin, slightly fissured, becoming granular on old trees; Slash orange.

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Each resulting fraction was applied to bovine PBMC cultures for 24 hours. Flowers in axillary, many-flowered cymes, 5-merous, white to yellowish; peduncle 1 cm long; pedicel mm long; calyx elqstica mm long, deeply divided, segments on the inside with 2 glands; corolla salver-shaped, tube mm long, segments oblong, about 5 mm long.

Immunomodulatory activity of acidic polysaccharides isolated from Tanacetum vulgare L.

This elasitca was last modified on 23 Februaryat Cookies help us deliver our services. Before funtumi arrival of Hevea rubber, this was the most promising rubber tree in many tropical regions, primarily in West Africa. Therapeutic treatment with Yam-I resulted in decreased bacterial counts in feces from mice with Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium ST -induced enterocolitis. Interestingly, in models very similar to the peritonitis response we describe, such as an experimental sepsis model [ 48 ] and an E.


SchepetkinJeff HoldernessMark T. In Africa some parts of the tree are also used medicinally: Bradley Jones, University of Iowa for use in an enterocolitis model of ST infection involving pretreatment with streptomycin [ 33 ]. Eight hours after infection, mice were treated with varying doses of Yam-I by i.

Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of Funtumia elastica.

Recognition profile of Morus nigra agglutinin Morniga G expressed by monomeric ligands, simple clusters and mammalian polyvalent glycotopes. Despite this exposure, therapeutic addition of Yam-I induced rapid and robust beneficial cellular responses at the intestinal surface resulting in decreased CFU counts in feces. Views Read View source View history. A role for skin gamma delta T cells in wound repair.

Funtumia elastica (PROSEA) – PlantUse English

Anim Health Res Rev. Representative of at least 3 experiments with different donors.

Three separate experiments are shown, thin bar indicates mean, thick error bars represent SEM. Antigen recognition by human T cell receptor gamma-positive lymphocytes. Discussion Both prophylactic and post-exposure strategies involving innate immune stimulation by funtumi have been shown to prevent or ameliorate infections [ 4445 ]. Requirement for gamma delta T cells in allergic airway inflammation.

The wood is white and soft, not durable, used for carving household utensils like spoons and bowls; it burns well and is a good firewood. Variability in in vitro macrophage activation by commercially diverse bulk echinacea plant material is predominantly due to bacterial lipoproteins and lipopolysaccharides.


Inhibition of murine neutrophil recruitment in vivo by CXC chemokine receptor antagonists. Please note that during the production process errors funtumis be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. Enzymatic treatments suggested protein- and prenylated phosphate-containing compounds elatica not required funtumua the bioactivity, and funtumi acids could not be detected Supplemental Figure S1.

The relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated. Cells were plated 2. Please review our privacy policy. GraffEmily M. Briefly PBMCs from human donors were labeled with 2. Animal models of asthma. Our data does not preclude the possibility that the relevant agonists in the plant bark are derived from commensal microbes endophytes associated with the plant. At present it is economically of no importance.