Case opinion for US Supreme Court ELDRED v. ASHCROFT. Read the Court’s full decision on FindLaw. ELDRED V. ASHCROFT () U.S. () As respondent ( Attorney General Ashcroft) points out, however, these statutes were all temporary . ELDRED V. ASHCROFT () U.S. () F.3d , affirmed. Syllabus, Opinion [ Ginsburg ], Dissent [ Stevens ], Dissent [ Breyer ].

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Petitioners separately argue that the CTEA is a content-neutral regulation of speech that fails heightened judicial review under the First Amendment. The constitutional system of free expression, the language of the Copyright Clause, and the history of v.ashccroft tradition demand no less. For anonymous works, pseudonymous works, and works made for hire, the term is 95 years from publication or years from creation, whichever expires first.

Thus, in common with the, and Acts, the CTEA’s new terms apply to both future and existing copyrights. See supra, at ; CRS Report 7 estimating that, even after copyright renewal, about 3.

To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right eldrd their respective Writings and Discoveries.

There is no need in this wldred to characterize that review as a search for” ‘congruence and proportionality,'” ante, ator as some other variation of what this Court has called “intermediate scrutiny,” e. Relying on formulas and assumptions provided in an amicus brief supporting petitioners, he stresses that the CTEA creates a copyright term worth The CTEA follows this historical practice by keeping the duration provisions of the Act v.asucroft in place and simply adding 20 years to each of them.

The plaintiffs’ argument was threefold:.

Eldred v. Ashcroft :: U.S. () :: Justia US Supreme Court Center

Petitioners are individuals and businesses whose products or services build on copyrighted works that have gone into the public domain. See also Mazer v. Those interests are not at issue now, because the act under review in this case was passed only four years ago and has been under challenge in v.ashcrotf since shortly after its enactment. No counsel for either party had any role in authoring this brief, and no person other than the amicus and its counsel made any monetary contribution to v.ashcfoft preparation and submission.


Brief for Respondent 9. See Panhandle Oil, U. Almost two centuries ago the Court plainly stated that public access to inventions at the earliest possible date was the essential purpose of the Clause:. Lead counsel for the plaintiff was Lawrence Lessig ; the government’s case was argued by Solicitor V.shcroft Theodore Olson. This fetter on the National Legislature tho’ an unfortunate one, was a deliberate one. As respondent observes, the same legal question can arise in either posture.

Petitioners are individuals and businesses whose products or services build on v.ashcdoft works that have gone into the public domain.


Eldred v. Ashcroft, 537 U.S. 186 (2003)

As I discuss below, the few historical exceptions to this rule do not undermine v.aahcroft constitutional analysis. Berman “I guess we could Congress passed v.axhcroft bills either directly extending patents or allowing otherwise untimely applicants to apply elred patent extensions for approximately 75 patents between and European and American copyright law have long coexisted despite important differences, including Europe’s traditional respect for authors’ “moral rights” and the absence in Europe of constitutional restraints that restrict copyrights to “limited Times.

See Appendix, Part A, infra. Similarly, those who wrote the House Report on legislation that implemented the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works said that “[t]he constitutional purpose of copyright is to facilitate the flow of ideas in the interest of learning.

Nesson, and Jonathan L. The Court of Appeals subsequently denied rehearing and rehearing en banc. Cordray, Daryl Joseffer, Paul T.

FSF’s Brief Amicus Curiae, Eldred v. Ashcroft – GNU Project – Free Software Foundation

More forcibly, petitioners contend that the CTEA’s extension of existing copyrights does not “promote the Progress of Science” as contemplated by the preambular language of the Copyright Clause. The statute before us, the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, extends the term of most existing copyrights.


The federal Copyright Act was first amended in As respondent Attorney General Ashcroft points out, however, these statutes were all temporary placeholders subsumed into the systemic changes effected by the Act. United StatesU.

The District Court entered judgment on the pleadings for the Attorney General respondent hereholding that the V.sshcroft does not violate the Copyright Clause’s “limited Times” restriction because the CTEA’s terms, though longer than the Act’s terms, are still limited, not perpetual, and therefore fit within Congress’ discretion.

States may not enact measures inconsistent with the federal patent laws.

United States, U. The court added that this Court has been similarly deferential to Congress’ judgment regarding copyright. Furthermore, the Court refused to apply the proportionality standards of the Fourteenth Amendment or the free-speech standards in the First Amendment to limit Congress’s ability to confer copyrights for limited terms.

The express grant of a perpetual copyright would unquestionably violate the textual requirement that the authors’ exclusive rights be only “for limited Times. Pennock held that an inventor could not extend the period of patent protection by postponing his application for the patent while exploiting the invention commercially.

We address first the determination of the courts below that Congress has authority under the Copyright Clause to extend the terms of existing copyrights. The reason is that the permissions requirement can inhibit or prevent the use of old works particularly those without commercial value: He would invalidate the CTEA as irrational in part because, in his view, harmonizing the United States and European Union baseline copyright terms “apparent[ly]” fails to achieve “significant” uniformity.